Injury Prevention Programme in Primary Schools (IPPS)


Injury and poisoning poses a major threat to health and well being in the modern society. Children, in particular, bear the heavy burden of injury and poisoning in terms of mortality and morbidity. It is believed that injury is preventable through the effort of multi-disciplinary prevention education, programme evaluation and scientific research. An injury prevention programme, which was initiated in England and aims at providing children with the knowledge that enables them to minimize injury, provide basic life support skills and reduce environmental risk factors of injury, was introduced to Hong Kong in 2000.


    1. Educate primary school students on knowledge and skills about injury prevention with a readily available and local curriculum integration package.
    2. Modify students' safety knowledge, attitude, belief and skills through proactive curriculum, with special emphases on the following areas: traffic safety, home safety, sports/leisure activity safety, and resuscitation skills.
    3. Foster attitudinal changes in teachers and administrative staff towards injury prevention and curriculum integration.


The programme is taught within both the school and hospital environment. The key aspect of the programme is that it uses an experiential learning approach which links accident prevention knowledge to the school curriculum.

Setting and subjects

Primary 5 and 6 students from five schools in Shatin district and Wan Chai district have joined the programme.

Major outcomes measures

Gain in knowledge by safety knowledge test; life support scenario re-enactment observed by and reported by teachers, potential hazards identification and abstinence through draw and write method and in-depth interview with teachers on the impact of implementing the curriculum integration package.


Results look promising and will be available in due course.

Implications to the filed

The programme would help to develop the skills of self-management for students and independent thinking. As the programme is school based with active participation from staff and students, it helps to strengthen school-based management. The school-hospital cooperation feature in the programme is built on the belief that health education on injury prevention should be more than just about knowledge, but also changing attitude and adopting safe behavior.


Available in due course

Funding Sources

The Honorable Mr. Michael Kadoorie, GBS, JP and Mrs. Michael Kadoorie
Quality Education Fund


Dr. Chun Bong Chow, the Principal Investigator, is a Consultant Paediatrician at the Department of Paediatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong; and Chairman of Hong Kong Childhood Injury Prevention and Research Association (CIPRA).

Prof. Albert Lee, the Co-project leader of IPPS, is the Director of Centre for Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medicine, the Chinese University of Hong Kong; Professor of Family Medicine at the Department of Community and Family Medicine; and the Executive Committee Member of CIPRA.

Dr. Charles C. Chan, is an Associate Professor at the APSS, HKPU; Convenor of the Network for Health & Welfare Studies of the APSS, HKPU, and the Honorary Secretary of CIPRA.

Prof. Jack C. Y. Cheng, is the Pro-Vice-Chancellors and University Dean of Students, the Chinese University of Hong Kong; Chair Professor at the Department of Orthopedics & Traumatology, the Chinese University of Hong Kong and the Vice-chairman/Clinical coordinator of CIPRA.

Dr. Wai Lun Cheung, is a Cluster Chief Executive of the Hospital Authority New Territories West Cluster; and an Executive Committee Member of CIPRA.

Prof. Yip Din-yan, is an Associate Professor at the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Faculty of Medicine, the Chinese University of Hong Kong; and the Executive Committee Member of CIPRA.


The Principal Investigator: Dr. Chun Bong Chow
Tel: (852) 2990 3311


1. Research and Professional Practice October 2001
2. Research and Professional Practice 2001
3. Research and Community Practice January to March 2001
4. Research and Community Practice Mid February to the end of April 2002
5. Research and Professional Practice 2001
6. Research and Community Practice November 2001 to February 2002
7. Research and Community Practice November to December 2001

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